The inspired writers produced 'high context' literature in which cultural knowledge is frequently assumed.

The gulf between their knowledge and ours has serious implications for interpretation.

To bridge this gap we need resources that explain the world of the Ancient Near East as the Bible's original audience perceived and experienced it.


Barrick, et al., Old Testament Cultural Practices Collection, 1984-2005.

DeSilva, Honour, Patronage, Kinship & Purity, 2000.

Fox, Pagans and Christians, 2006.

Hall, Beyond Culture, 1976.

Klauck, The Religious Context of Early Christianity, 2000.

Pilch, A Cultural Handbook to the Bible, 2012.

Walton, Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament, 2006.


Exegesis is the process of drawing out an interpretation from the text.

This necessitates a careful examination of language, genre and context in combination with a sound methodology.

I recommend a narrative approach following the historical-grammatical method, which seeks the author's intended message to his original audience.


Carson, Exegetical Fallacies, 1996.

DeMoss, Pocket Dictionary for the Study of New Testament Greek, 2001.

Grenz, Guretzki & Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms, 1999.

Kaiser & Silva, An Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics, 2007.

Klein, Blomberg & Hubbard, Introduction to Biblical Interpretation, 2004.

Osborne, The Hermeneutical Spiral, 2006.

Patzia & Petrotta, Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies, 2002.