Apologetics (from the Greek apologia, 'speaking in defence') is the rational defence of Christianity.

This typically involves the justification of Christian claims in response to non-Christian critiques.

Critical thinking is the process of rationally and objectively evaluating information and argumentation.

It requires intellectual honesty and a degree of scepticism.


Burke, Living on the Edge, 2014

Burke, Burke, Gilmore & Matthiesen, Defence & Confirmation, 2014—

Casey, Jesus: Evidence and Argument or Mythicist Myths?, 2014

Cook & Lewandowsky, The Debunking Handbook, 2012

Craig, Reasonable Faith, 2008

Ehrman, Did Jesus Exist? The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth, 2013

Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion, 2002

Gaston, Ed., Reasons, 2011

Gaston, Ed., More Reasons, 2014

Geisler, Baker Encyclopaedia of Christian Apologetics, 1999

Habermas & Licona, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus, 2004

Hannam, God’s Philosophers, 2011

Lennox, God’s Undertaker: Has Science Buried God?, 2009

McGrath & McGrath, The Dawkins Delusion, 2007

Numbers, et al., Galileo Goes to Jail, 2009