APOCALYPTIC

Apocalyptic:  A term used to describe a literary genre and worldview where “secrets” are revealed about the heavenly world or the kingdom of God (and the end of the world).

These secrets are usually delivered through dreams or visions or by otherworldly messengers (e.g., angels) and are expressed in vivid symbols or metaphors.

Patzia & Petrotta, Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (2002), 13.

CANON

Canon: A term referring to the authoritative status of the final formation and collection of the biblical books (the term means “measuring rod, standard”).

The order of these books sometimes differs (see Tanak for the Hebrew order of the canon), and which books comprise the canon may differ (the Catholic canon contains the Apocrypha, which are sometimes referred to as “deuterocanonical”), but the list of books in the canon are sanctioned as the norm from which doctrine and practice are derived.

...Canon thus refers to the books themselves or their authoritative function in the community of believers and testifies to both the adaptability and stability of Scripture.

Patzia & Petrotta, Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (2002), 22.

ALEXANDRIAN TEXT

Alexandrian text-type:  One of several text-types thought to be traceable to Alexandria, Egypt, and regarded very highly by most scholars.

Some have differentiated a text-type called the “neutral text,” which is closely related to the Alexandrian and most likely a more primitive form of it (i.e., proto-Alexandrian).

Also referred to as the Egyptian, Hesychian or Beta text-type.

DeMoss, Pocket Dictionary for the Study of New Testament Greek (2001), 15.

BYZANTINE TEXT

Byzantine text-type: One of several text-types, disseminated throughout the Byzantine Empire and discernible in the majority of extant manuscripts (thus it is often referred to as the Majority Text).

This text provided the basis for Erasmus’ edition of the Greek New Testament—the Textus Receptus—and the King James Version.

DeMoss, Pocket Dictionary for the Study of New Testament Greek (2001), 27.

EKKLESIA

Ekklēsia: A Greek term usually translated as “church,” “gathering,” “assembly,” or “congregation.”

Outside of Scripture it could stand for any group that assembles; in the Septuagint it occasionally refers to the qāhāl of Israel (the people of Israel assembled to hear the word of God).

In the NT it became a standard term for the church.

Patzia & Petrotta, Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (2002), 40.